Detoxification of Aflatoxin-Contaminated Maize by Neutral Electrolyzed Oxidizing Water.

Toxins (Basel). 2015 Oct 23;7(10):4294-314. doi: 10.3390/toxins7104294.

Jardon-Xicotencatl S1, Díaz-Torres R2, Marroquín-Cardona AThree, Villarreal-Barajas Tfour, Méndez-Albores A5.

Summary

Aflatoxins, a gaggle of extraordinarily poisonous mycotoxins produced by Aspergillus flavus, A. parasiticus and A. nomius, can happen as pure contaminants of sure agricultural commodities, significantly maize. These toxins have been proven to be hepatotoxic, carcinogenic, mutagenic and trigger extreme human and animal ailments. The effectiveness of impartial electrolyzed oxidizing water (NEW) on aflatoxin detoxing was investigated in HepG2 cells utilizing a number of validation methodologies such because the Three-(four,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5- diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay, the induction of lipid peroxidation, the oxidative injury via glutathione modulation, the Ames take a look at and the alkaline Comet assay. Our outcomes confirmed that, after the aflatoxin-contaminated maize containing 360 ng/g was soaked in NEW (60 mg/L accessible chlorine, pH 7.01) throughout 15 min at room temperature, the aflatoxin content material didn’t lower as confirmed by the immunoaffinity column and extremely efficiency liquid chromatography strategies. Aflatoxin fluorescence power of detoxified samples was just like untreated samples. Nevertheless, aflatoxin-associated cytotoxicity and OPEN ACCESS Toxins 2015, 7 4295 genotoxicity results had been markedly decreased upon therapy. In line with these outcomes, NEW may be successfully used to detoxify aflatoxin-contaminated maize.

KEYWORDS:

aflatoxins; detoxing; maize; impartial electrolyzed oxidizing water



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